• Dr. Shaheen Khan
  • Dr. Rasib Mahmood
  • Kainat Zafar
Keywords: English Literature, Sub-Continental


Women’s subjugation and oppression through patriarchy is as old as human history. Patriarchal system has created a very miserable situation of women in Subcontinent, especially in Pakistan. Most of the diasporic writers have highlighted the issues of patriarchy; females’ subjugation and oppression in one way or another in their writings but Daniyal Mohiuddin and Bapsi Sidwa have especially focused on a patriarchal institution in Pakistan. In Other Rooms, Other Wonders (2009) by Daniyal Mueenuddin and The Crow Eaters (1980) Bapsi Sidwa present different patriarchal institutions in developing countries, especially in Pakistan. The primary objective of this research project is to find out a system or mechanism through which various patriarchal institutions promote women’s suppression and subjugation. How womanhood, daughterhood, sisterhood and wifehood help in the promotion of females’ suppression and subjugation. It is also a fact that Arian culture promoted these institutions. Patriarchal institutions are also showing resistance against females’ struggle for equality. This research project is qualitative where data has been collected from different books, research journals and newspapers to dig out the role of patriarchal institutions in females’ subjugation. Lois Tyson point of view seems more authentic and applicable while we analyze gender biases, racial discrimination, and patriarchal ideologies. This research leads to the inference that male-centric society oversees the concealment and typification of females. Moreover, the reaction of a society dominated by men to endeavours of obstruction is the most exceedingly awful and even hostile in manner .

Author Biographies

Dr. Shaheen Khan
Dr. Shaheen khan has worked as Advisor HEC and Chairperson Federal Board of Intermediate and Secondary Education, Islamabad. Email :
Dr. Rasib Mahmood
Dr. Rasib Mahmood is working as an Associate Professor in the Department of English Language and Literature, The University of Lahore, Lahore, Pakistan. Mr. Mahmood is also a poet, a researcher, a Pakistani national, and the freedom fighting face of new promise. EMail :
Kainat Zafar
Kainat Zafar is teaching at Bahria University Islamabad.


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