• Sufian Fazal Khan
  • Dr. Danish Ahmed Siddiqui
Keywords: Moral Solidarity, Procedural Justice, Orientation towards Policing, Mediation Analysis, PLS-SEM


This paper aims to identify why or why not the police get support and cooperation from the public. Relational models of authority argue that people measure the degree at which the police consider the moral values of groups by examining the equity of the processes they utilize to practice their authority. Additionally, according to the approach of social identity, the cooperation of the people along with the dept. of police is encouraged in component by their decision that the police are archetypal representative of the moral values of the groups. Combining both approaches in a single theoretical framework, we applied Sunshine & Tyler’s(2003) model, on citizens’ feelings about Pakistani Law enforcement agencies (LEA). in this, we hypothesized that procedural justice aligned police and citizen moral values in form of moral solidarity. This moral solidarity in turn effect LEA’s effectiveness through increased cooperation from citizens as their feelings of Compliance and Cooperation with LEAs increased along with the people’s will to give power tothem.  Practical cogency and was developed by carrying out a review and survey by using a close-ended questionnaire. For analysis Research Data was gathered from 296 citizens of Karachi and examined by utilizing CFA (confirmatory factor analysis) and SEM(structured equation modeling). The research has utilized a non-probability purposive sampling technique while data was analyzed employing PLS-SEM by utilizing the Smart PLS version 3.2.8. The findings of the research showed that moral solidarity has a positive significant effect on orientation towards policing, whereas the law of procedure has a major decisive effect on moral solidarity and orientation towards policing. Moreover, moral solidarity has a complementary mediating impact among the law of procedure and orientation towards policing. Findings also showed that moral solidarity alone as well as along with Orientation towards Policing seems to have a major and decisive mediation in the impact of justice, cooperation, and empowerment. Community policing encourages that, instead of the incident-oriented method that has continued to dominate in tandem with the professional model, the problem-solving attitude of police be embraced.

Author Biographies

Sufian Fazal Khan

Research Scholar at Karachi University Business School, University of Karachi, Pakistan

Dr. Danish Ahmed Siddiqui

Associate Professor at Karachi University Business School, University of Karachi, Pakistan


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