CONSERVATIONISM A WAY FORWARD: COMPARATIVE STUDY OF HUNZA AND MULTAN
Pakistan is a mosaic of tradition, history, value, and natural local. All these natural and cultural attributes make it a tourist attraction. The country, like other growing economies, has to face the challenges of economic growth accompanied by environmental hazards. Furthermore, the sway of development challenges is causing a loss to natural, cultural, and historical heritage sites. Many traditional occupations and local artifacts have become history. The argument of the paper surrounds the supposition that conservation of local areas in collaboration with Public, Private, and community participation not only helps the communities to preserve their natural and cultural milieu giving them a sense of pride, belonging, and inclusion but also positively contribute to economic growth. The analytical method is opted to evaluate the impacts of conservationism on tourism industry, local community, and natural habitat. The study is comparative in nature drawing parallels between the mountainous tourist destination of Hunza with Agri-planes of Multan by employing the technique of MDSO (Most Different Similar Outcomes). The study aims to address the question that is the Right Based approach to conservation can be an apt policy to bring commensurability between two apparently different objectives, i.e., economic development and environmental conservation. Taking the Hunza as an exemplary case study, the main finding of the paper is that by opting for policy conservation with help of traditional/ local knowledge and community participation the goal of sustainable development can be achieved.
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